Pertussis or also known as the whooping cough disease is very contagious. There are over 30 million cases of whooping cough every year. From those numbers, pertussis has taking the life of hundreds of thousand people every year around the world.
Most of victims from this dangerous illness are infants that are still under twelve months of age. From those over 30 million cases of whooping cough, 90% of it are happening in the developing countries.
The pertussis disease becomes widely known since the year of 1578. At first, this dangerous disease can be recognize by it symptom which is mild infection to the respiratory system. Few common signs of the infection are including the runny nose, coughing, and sneezing.
The infection is merely the first stage of the whooping cough disease and it can last up to 2 weeks. After 2 weeks of the first stage, the cough’s characteristic will start to change. In the series of coughing attack, it will be followed by a whooping sound. In many cases, the sufferers will vomit after coughing. If the vomiting continues, the sufferer will experience malnutrition.
The coughing will slowly go away after two month. There are some common complications that goes along with the pertussis illness such as; pulmonary hypertension, pneumonia, secondary bacterial superinfection and encephalitis.
You can get infected by the pertussis disease if you come in contact with the airborne virus that is release by a person that already infected with the whooping cough diseases from the mucous membranes that is released when the infected person is coughing.
To treat the pertussis disease, the doctors often use antibiotics such as clarithromycin, azithromycin and erythromycin. These medication drugs will reduce the infection of the disease.
Immunizations provide a method to prevent the whooping cough disease. The immunizations are given along with the diphtheria and tetanus immunization to children at the age of 2, 4 and 6 month old, and then the immunization for pertussis disease will continue at the age of 15 to 18 months old and four to six years old.
Adults who are infected with the pertussis disease often went without noticed and diagnosed. This is because the pertussis on adults are less severe than the infants.